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What is Maxillectomy?

The maxillectomy procedure is a surgical technique to remove all or part of the upper jaw (maxillary bone) to treat both benign and malignant tumours of the oral cavity.

When is Maxillectomy Performed?

Maxillectomy indications: It is used for malignant and benign tumours of the nose (nasal cavity), hard palate, the maxillary sinuses, or any tumour that has grown to involve the maxilla. In general, maxillectomy is recommended to treat oral cavity cancers.

Before Surgery

Dr Neetu Modgil, recommend her patients to follow specific instructions regarding what to do before surgery. In general cases, the patient should avoid drinking or eating anything any time after midnight – if the surgery is scheduled the next morning.

Maxillectomy Procedure

Maxillectomy is commonly performed under general anaesthesia – and sometimes involves the placement of prosthetic (artificial devices) that fill the roof of the mouth. This will ensure faster post-operative recovery.

Maxillectomy Types

Maxillectomy Classification: Depending upon the procedure, Maxillectomy is classified into different types. There are five types of maxillectomies, which are:

Medical Maxillectomy: In this procedure, the part of the maxilla next to the nose is removed, but the hard palate and the eye are preserved. A medical maxillectomy is generally performed as an open procedure or, in some cases, endoscopically.

Infrastructure Maxillectomy: The hard palate and lower part of the maxilla are removed in an infrastructure maxillectomy and some of the teeth, but the orbital floor is kept intact.

Suprastructure Maxillectomy: In this type of maxillectomy, the upper part of the maxilla and the orbital floor are removed, but the hard palate is kept intact.

Subtotal Maxillectomy: In subtotal maxillectomy, a portion of the maxilla is removed.

Total Maxillectomy: In this method of maxillectomy, the orbital floor, the hard palate, and the entire maxilla on one side of the face are removed. Depending on the extent of the tumour invasion, sometimes the orbit will also need to be removed.

Maxillectomy Complications: As with any surgery – the risks may include bleeding, swelling, infection, nerve damage causing numbness in the cheek, eye tearing – which is chronic.

What can you expect after Maxillectomy?

In general, it may involve a 4 – 5 days stay in the hospital. You should follow all the instructions as directed by your ENT surgeon while recovering at home.

Your ENT doctor will instruct you about changing your diet – and also about the need to rehabilitate – speech, and swallowing therapy. The other instruction you may get include the changes you may need to make in your lifestyle – such as activity levels. In general, the complete recovery process may involve physical therapy – which will mostly depend on the extent of surgery and reconstruction underwent.

Happy Patients


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  • Dr. Neetu really cares for her patients & this clearly shows. My experience with her has been very good. She is very patient, clearly explains the treatment & answers any queries regarding it. Thank you for the services.

    S. Kiran

  • Dr Neetu Modgil was excellent. Thorough, kind and patient, she did an excellent job. I will be requesting her services for my next appointment.

    Chandu Reddy

  • She is a blessing to this profession . So humble and approachable. she operated my ear , when every doctor i visited said no to me saying the risk of surgery is more . But she not only took risk...

    Ipshita Purohit

  • In my life i have met number of great doctor , but the way she talks , listens and convince the patient that is very rare and incredible , Very much experience ,humble doctor , highly recommended for any ENT...

    Rahul Yadav

  • It was good experience with doctor Neethu the way she treated me, felt like she treated me like her kid, Listens to our problems patiently,Her analysis and diagnosis was good.Clinic's ambience was quite good as well. I'd recommend her.

    Vijay Panwar

  • Visited for Ear wax. Explained well to me. removed my ear wax very well. Dr. is Very friendly with me.

    Aman Singh Mehta

  • She listen to my problem very attentively and prescribed medicine to take care of my problem. Besides being a good doctor she’s a wonderful human being too.

    Neha Nagar

  • I went for throat infection and clicking sound. She was very patient to hear my issue. Then did her examination and explained me the issue. She don't writes unnecessary tests and give minimum and required medication. I wish to have...

    Vinit Pandey

  • she is a friendly doctor and explained the disease very well. She had helped me out in my difficult times. Am very thankful yo her. Would like to recommend her to others.

    Ms. Atreyee Pal

  • I am obliged for everything doctor has done for me from day one. I am absolutely fine three months post surgery. I had many doubts before surgery but now as I m going well , I am happy and content.


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