Select Page

Head & Neck Cancer

Head and neck surgeon in Hyderabad | Dr Neetu Modgil

Definition of Head and Neck Cancers: It is a broad term used to describe different types of cancers in and around head and neck – such as mouth (mouth floor, palate), tongue, gums, cheeks, lips, pharynx, larynx, nose, sinuses, nasal cavity, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, salivary glands and skin of neck and head, skull, ears, eyes and temporal bone.

The moist mucosal lining inside the mouth, nose and throat has squamous cells. Head and neck cancers begin in these cells (squamous cells carcinomas). Based on the area of the head and neck in which cancer begins, head and neck cancers are further categorized as oral cancers, nasopharyngeal cancers, cancers of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses and salivary gland cancers.

head and neck surgeon in Hyderabad

Head & Neck Cancer Facts

  • 85% of head & neck cancers are oral cancers.
  • These cancers are detected late – mortality is high
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) has become one of the risk factors.
  • The patient may not experience any symptoms.
  • The risk of recurrence of cancer is 20 times higher after initial episode & treatment.
  • Excessive tobacco usage & alcohol consumption are the two major causes of head and neck cancer
  • High-risk oral sex can increase the risk of oral cancer.

Prevalence of Head and Neck Cancers in India is on the rise

In India, head and neck cancers are the major cause for concern owing to their lengthy latent period. Nearly 60% of the cancer cases occur in developing Asian countries and to a large extent in India. Among all the other types of cancers, head and neck cancers account for nearly about 40%. Another discouraging fact is that more than 75% of cancer cases are presented in the advanced stages as compared to only 30% in developed countries.

These warning signs often go unnoticed

Seemingly sound adults and even youngsters, at times do not take a serious note of red or white patches in their mouth assuming them to be regular mouth ulcers – but in real terms, it could be a real warning sign that needs to be taken care of.

 Head and neck cancer symptoms

The silent signs of head and neck cancer that often go unnoticed include red or white patches in the mouth. Many people consider them as mouth ulcers, but if you notice those especially if you use tobacco or smoke, then it is better to seek medical help immediately, or else you would risk your life. The other warning signs include bad breath, mouth sores, tongue pain, a lump in the neck, numbness in the mouth, loose tooth or teeth, jaw pain, trouble moving jaw, ear pain, unexplained weight loss, tiredness and fatigue all the time and hoarseness.

Head and Neck Cancer Diagnosis

If an individual is presented with the signs and symptoms of head and neck cancer, a head and neck surgeon in Hyderabad thoroughly examines the patient and make a note of symptoms and other risk factors and orders some tests. The doctor performs a physical examination to look for lumps in the neck, armpits, cheeks and throat – and then examines inside of mouth, nose, tongue and throat. An endoscopy helps the doctor to clearly see & examine inside of throat, nose, larynx, pharynx, oesophagus (laryngoscopy, pharyngoscopy, nasopharyngoscopy, respectively).  Next, the doctor may order blood and urine tests. In addition, a diagnostic test based on signs and symptoms, age, medical condition, type of cancer suspected may be ordered. Biopsy (fine needle aspiration) is done and the cells are examined under a microscope (cytologic analysis) to confirm the diagnosis. An ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan, PET-CT scan are the other diagnostic tests to detect cancer.

Is the early diagnosis of oral cancers possible?

Yes. If you notice an abnormal sore or ulcer in your mouth, you should visit a head and neck surgeon in Hyderabad who will examine it properly and if deems necessary may order appropriate tests after evaluating the early warning signs and symptoms. Early detection of oral cancer offers better prognosis and treatment with excellent clinical outcomes.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment          

Head and neck cancers can be effectively cured if they are detected early. The treatment goal is to eliminate cancer completely and to ensure the integrity and preservation of function of surrounding nerves, muscles, tissues and organs. Several factors play a critical role in the treatment process including the age of the patient, location of the tumour, the extent of the tumour, stage of cancer and overall health of the patient. Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy or a combination of these therapies can be a part of the treatment plan.

Dr Neetu Modgil

ENT Specialist, Head and Neck surgeon in Hyderabad

Happy Patients


Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

  • Dr. Neetu really cares for her patients & this clearly shows. My experience with her has been very good. She is very patient, clearly explains the treatment & answers any queries regarding it. Thank you for the services.

    S. Kiran

  • Dr Neetu Modgil was excellent. Thorough, kind and patient, she did an excellent job. I will be requesting her services for my next appointment.

    Chandu Reddy

  • She is a blessing to this profession . So humble and approachable. she operated my ear , when every doctor i visited said no to me saying the risk of surgery is more . But she not only took risk...

    Ipshita Purohit

  • In my life i have met number of great doctor , but the way she talks , listens and convince the patient that is very rare and incredible , Very much experience ,humble doctor , highly recommended for any ENT...

    Rahul Yadav

  • It was good experience with doctor Neethu the way she treated me, felt like she treated me like her kid, Listens to our problems patiently,Her analysis and diagnosis was good.Clinic's ambience was quite good as well. I'd recommend her.

    Vijay Panwar

  • Visited for Ear wax. Explained well to me. removed my ear wax very well. Dr. is Very friendly with me.

    Aman Singh Mehta

  • She listen to my problem very attentively and prescribed medicine to take care of my problem. Besides being a good doctor she’s a wonderful human being too.

    Neha Nagar

  • I went for throat infection and clicking sound. She was very patient to hear my issue. Then did her examination and explained me the issue. She don't writes unnecessary tests and give minimum and required medication. I wish to have...

    Vinit Pandey

  • she is a friendly doctor and explained the disease very well. She had helped me out in my difficult times. Am very thankful yo her. Would like to recommend her to others.

    Ms. Atreyee Pal

  • I am obliged for everything doctor has done for me from day one. I am absolutely fine three months post surgery. I had many doubts before surgery but now as I m going well , I am happy and content.


Call Now ButtonCall Now