Eardrum Rupture / Tympanoplasty

Eardrum or tympanic membrane is a three-layered thin membrane that separates your external ear from the middle ear (eardrum). This membrane plays an important role in hearing.

Tympanic membrane or eardrum performs two major roles:

Hearing – the vibration of eardrum helps in translating sound waves into nerve impulses and helps in hearing

Protection – Tympanic membrane protects the middle ear from microbes, water and other foreign objects.

A hole or tear or perforation in the tympanic membrane – which is otherwise known as ruptured eardrum can result in hearing loss. A perforated eardrum makes your middle ear susceptible to infections as well.

Tympanoplasty in Hyderabad: If a ruptured eardrum doesn’t heal on its own, then it requires surgical intervention. Tympanoplasty procedure or tympanoplasty surgery is a surgical procedure to repair the ruptured eardrum.

What are the signs and symptoms of ruptured tympanic membrane?

The signs and symptoms of a ruptured tympanic membrane include the following:

  • Ear pain
  • Hearing loss
  • Vertigo or spinning sensation
  • Nausea or vomiting sensation
  • Tinnitus or ringing in ears
  • Drainage of blood, pus, clear fluid or mucus

Pain is the main symptom of a ruptured eardrum. In some cases, the pain may be severe. The pain can remain steady throughout the day or can be intermittent – increase or decrease in intensity. Usually, the ear begins to drain once the pain goes away. From the ruptured eardrum watery, bloody, or pus-filled fluids drain out.

A middle ear infection usually causes bleeding. This is more likely to happen in young children, people with colds or flu, or in areas with poor air quality. You may have some temporary hearing loss or a reduction in hearing in the affected ear. You can also experience tinnitus, a constant ringing or buzzing in the ears, or dizziness.

 

What are the Causes of Ruptured Eardrum?

  • Middle ear infection
  • Pressure Injury
  • Water diving
  • Aeroplane travel (Aero otitis media)
  • Driving at high altitudes (Mountains)
  • Shock waves
  • A direct, forceful impact on the ear
  • Trauma
  • Barotrauma – severe environmental pressure can rupture the eardrum. This is often associated with air travel, scuba diving
  • Acoustic Trauma (Excessive loud sound exposure)
  • Direct trauma with any object to clean the ear
  • Foreign objects in your ear
  • Impact trauma over pinna (Slap, road traffic accident, any object hitting the ear)
  • Severe head trauma

Conservative Management: Eardrum hole repair without surgery – how?

There is a possibility of perforated or ruptured eardrums healing on their own within a few weeks. Doctors also try to speed up eardrum hole repair without surgery by prescribing antibiotics – if they suspect any infection to be the cause.

Eardrum ruptures usually heal within three to four weeks. In addition to antibiotics, doctors also prescribe painkillers, decongestants and eardrops in various combinations.

They allow the symptoms to ease and eardrum to heal on itself. However, if they find that the initial treatment is not relieving symptoms and healing the ruptured eardrum, they will suggest eardrum patch or tympanoplasty to close the hole.

Tympanoplasty in Hyderabad

When a conservative treatment approach doesn’t heal a perforated eardrum, then your Ent doctor will suggest tympanoplasty procedure. In Hyderabad, it is the most common procedure to treat a ruptured eardrum. Your ENT surgeon uses a patch of your own tissue to close the perforation in the tympanic membrane.

Is It Possible to Prevent a Ruptured Eardrum?

The following are the three important steps you can take to prevent a ruptured eardrum:

  • Avoid putting any object into your ear — not even to clean it
  • Treat your ear infections promptly – to ensure this see your ENT specialist
  • It’s also important to see a doctor to remove a foreign object in your ear rather than trying yourself to remove it.

Best Tympanoplasty doctor in Hyderabad

An ENT specialist or an ear specialist doctor who specializes in tympanoplasty examines your ear carefully to determine whether you have a ruptured or perforated eardrum. The doctor uses an otoscope or microscope (an instrument mounted with light) to visually inspect your ear. Your ENT specialist may perform additional tests or order such tests to exactly determine the root cause of your symptoms and to know whether you have hearing loss.

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  • Dr. Neetu really cares for her patients & this clearly shows. My experience with her has been very good. She is very patient, clearly explains the treatment & answers any queries regarding it. Thank you for the services.

    S. Kiran

  • Dr Neetu Modgil was excellent. Thorough, kind and patient, she did an excellent job. I will be requesting her services for my next appointment.

    Chandu Reddy

  • She is a blessing to this profession . So humble and approachable. she operated my ear , when every doctor i visited said no to me saying the risk of surgery is more . But she not only took risk...

    Ipshita Purohit

  • In my life i have met number of great doctor , but the way she talks , listens and convince the patient that is very rare and incredible , Very much experience ,humble doctor , highly recommended for any ENT...

    Rahul Yadav

  • It was good experience with doctor Neethu the way she treated me, felt like she treated me like her kid, Listens to our problems patiently,Her analysis and diagnosis was good.Clinic's ambience was quite good as well. I'd recommend her.

    Vijay Panwar

  • Visited for Ear wax. Explained well to me. removed my ear wax very well. Dr. is Very friendly with me.

    Aman Singh Mehta

  • She listen to my problem very attentively and prescribed medicine to take care of my problem. Besides being a good doctor she’s a wonderful human being too.

    Neha Nagar

  • I went for throat infection and clicking sound. She was very patient to hear my issue. Then did her examination and explained me the issue. She don't writes unnecessary tests and give minimum and required medication. I wish to have...

    Vinit Pandey

  • she is a friendly doctor and explained the disease very well. She had helped me out in my difficult times. Am very thankful yo her. Would like to recommend her to others.

    Ms. Atreyee Pal

  • I am obliged for everything doctor has done for me from day one. I am absolutely fine three months post surgery. I had many doubts before surgery but now as I m going well , I am happy and content.

    Anshika